Chapter 4 Outline

Chapter 4: Better Safe Than Sorry

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Weight gain, high stress and risky behavior are very common in the life of a college student; however, you do not have to be a victim of these. Health and safety is a personal choice that can be accomplished by developing healthy habits and making wise decisions.

I. Guarding Your Health

Tips to staying fit and healthy.

a. Brain Food. Plenty of healthy food choices exist even though it is tempting to grab fast food. Succeed in eating fruits in vegetables by consciously planning your menu and making food decisions. Whole grains keep you feeling full and energized; foods low in fat and high in fiber don’t pack on the pounds.

b. Sleep Tight. Physicians recommend eight hours of sleep while the average college student gets less than seven. College students are twice as likely to experience depression and this is credited in large part due to lack of sleep. Additionally, sleep deprivation can also lead to obesity. Tips are available to help you get more sleep for better academic performance and increased physical and mental health.

i. Regular bed times

ii. Hot baths

iii. Cool temperature

iv. Limited caffeine,

v. Avoid eating two hours before bedtime

vi. Avoid napping

vii. Avoid alcohol

viii. Create your own sleep rituals

c. Germ Wars. Factors like stress, lack of sleep and unhealthy diet all contribute to breaking down the immune system making students vulnerable to illnesses like colds and flu.

i. Wash your hands well and often

ii. Use a paper towel to turn off faucets or open the door in public bathrooms

iii. Never eat or drink after anyone

iv. Get plenty of sleep, drink water, make healthy food choices

v. Keep vaccinations up to date

d. Hit the Gym. Students who exercise regularly report feeling happier and having more energy and better focus. If you can, exercise for an hour a day.

II. Play It Safe at School

College is a time of fun, exploration and adventure; it is also a time to remember a few common sense guidelines to help you stay safe.

a. Moderation in All Things. With freedom comes responsibility. Alcohol and driving do not mix.

b. Risky Business. Up to 25% of college students report having a STD. Help yourself protect yourself.

i. Not everyone is doing it

ii. Make your own decisions, don’t let other people influence you

iii. Use a condom; condoms decrease the risk of STD’s but do not guarantee protection

iv. Get tested for HIV regularly; ask your partner to do the same

c. Classroom/Lab Safety. Treat the lab and all equipment with great respect.

i. Don’t wear loose clothing

ii. Wear closed-toe shoes

iii. Safety glasses and gloves

iv. PPE equipment

v. Don’t eat or drink in lab

vi. Familiarize yourself with the location

vii. Follow proper safety procedures especially with electrical equipment

d. Campus Safety. Simple suggestions can help you protect yourself.

i. Keep doors locked at all times

ii. Don’t leave valuables or personal information lying around

iii. Don’t accept rides from strangers

iv. Be aware of your surroundings

v. Keep car doors locked when driving

vi. Avoid being out alone at night

vii. Avoid drunkenness

viii. Don’t drink and drive!

III. On-The-Job Safety

In 2002, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration reported that every year approximately 6,000 American employees die from workplace related injuries, and another 50,000 die from illnesses caused by exposure to workplace hazards.

a. The Birth of OSHA. During the late 1800s, workers faced risks of hazardous materials, unsafe conditions and no protective equipment. In 1910, New York enacted on of the first Worker’s Compensation laws. In 1971, OSHA was formed to establish a federal standard of workplace safety that includes most employers in the US.

b. Watching Out for Number One—You. Expect to find regulations and training pertaining to material handling, construction safety, electrical safety and hazardous materials. Partner with the safety director/risk manager at your workplace to implement and follow all safety guidelines. Taking shortcuts can lead to serious injury, permanent disability or fatalities.

c. What is PPE? Personal Protective Equipment

i. Hardhats

ii. Safety eyewear

iii. Ear protection

iv. Gloves

v. Protective footwear

vi. Fall protection

vii. Respiratory protection

d. What if My Boss Doesn’t Follow the Rules?

i. Review OSHA standards, regulations and requirements

ii. Request information from your employer on emergency procedures

iii. Receive adequate safety and health training

iv. Ask the OSHA area director to investigate hazardous conditions or violations

v. File anonymous complaints with OSHA

vi. Be advised of OSHA actions regarding your complaint

vii. Have your employee representative accompany the OSHA compliance officer on inspection

viii. Seek safe and healthy working conditions

ix. Observe any monitoring or measuring of toxic substances

Safety is No Accident

Know safety, no injuries. Following safety standards can make a difference between a long successful career and disability.